By Terry L. Erwin
A synthesis of the type, distributions, and methods of lifetime of the ground-beetles (Coleoptera: Caraboidea) living within the Western Hemisphere. below every one taxon account, the historic nomenclature, distribution on the nation and/or state/province point, and lifestyle, together with Macrohabitat, Microhabitat, Dispersal talents, Seasonal incidence, and behaviour are elaborated. chosen references for every taxon are given in those different types and an in depth, approximately whole bibliography of Caraboidea references for the Western Hemisphere is gifted. The sections on lifestyle contain the next: Macrohabitat precis, altitudinal distribution in meters, in addition to a common altitudinal class, habitat/microhabitat information, seasonality, and lower than habit notes on diel task, adult/larval hibernation, prey goods, immatures, over wintering, and different notes on habit are provided. information of dispersal strength, or the aptitude of dispersal, i.e. wing , flight info, jogging, working, burrowing and mountain climbing files, so far as is understood is integrated. Species brought are famous with their possible quarter of beginning. This paintings, deliberate as a seven quantity better half to Larochelle & Lariviere (2003), may be an essential instrument for anyone attracted to ground-beetles consistent with se and their typical background, in addition to their position within the surroundings and value to agriculture, conservation, and forestry. nationwide, local, and native libraries will locate this set of instruments good used a result of excellent quantity of knowledge that's summarized at those geographical degrees. This paintings follows the class of Erwin (1984), and the nomenclature of Lorenz (2005), as up to date on a six month cycle by way of Erwin (e-data base, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution).
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Additional resources for A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea (Coleoptera): Their Classification, Distributions, and Ways of Life: Trachypachidae, Carabidae - Nebriiformes ... Faunistica) (Pensoft Series Faunistica)
Larochelle & Larivière (2003), Lindroth (1961) Nebria (Boreonebria) paradisi Darlington 1931 PARADISE GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria paradisi Darlington, 1931:104 Nebria kincaidi Bänninger, 1925:264 Nebria columbiana Van Dyke, 1926:10 Nebria vandykei Darlington, 1930:24 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – OR, WA. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Midlands to mountains, alpine and subapline zones, 1160 – 2440 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Moderately hygrophilus and found on margins of streams and snowfields on rather wet ground.
Larochelle & Larivière (2003) SPECIES ACCOUNTS / CARABIDAE | 49 Nebria (Catonebria) vandykei vandykei Bänninger 1928 VAN DYKE’S GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria Vandykei Vandykei Bänninger, 1928:5 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – WA. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Midlands to uplands, subalpine and alpine zones, 1100 – 2040 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: On stream margins on wet ground and at edges of snowfields. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running.
USA – UT. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Mountains, 2510 – 3140 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Independent of water on loamy ground in coniferous woods near a lake. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in June – September. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day under branches, stones, or other debris on the forest floor. ) Nebria (Catonebria) piute sevieri Kavanaugh 1984 SEVIER PLATEAU GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria piute sevieri Kavanaugh, 1984:164 Distribution: Native, New World.
A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea (Coleoptera): Their Classification, Distributions, and Ways of Life: Trachypachidae, Carabidae - Nebriiformes ... Faunistica) (Pensoft Series Faunistica) by Terry L. Erwin