By Mark S. Humayun, James D. Weiland, Gerald Chader, Elias Greenbaum
Artificial sight is a frontier quarter of modern ophthalmology combining the multidisciplinary skills of surgical ophthalmology, biomedical engineering, organic physics, and psychophysical trying out. Many medical, engineering, and surgical demanding situations has to be surmounted sooner than common useful functions should be discovered. The objective of Artificial Sight is to summarize the state of the art examine during this fascinating quarter, and to explain the various current approaches and projects that could aid sufferers in a medical surroundings.
The Editors are energetic researchers within the fields of synthetic sight, biomedical engineering and organic physics. they've got acquired quite a few specialist awards and popularity for his or her paintings. the substitute sight staff on the Doheny Eye Institute, led by means of Dr. Mark Humayun, is an international chief during this quarter of biomedical engineering and scientific research.
- Introduces and assesses the cutting-edge for a vast viewers of biomedical engineers, biophysicists, and medical researchers
- Describes advances in microelectronics, microfabrication, surgical implantation, and psychophysical checking out of visible prostheses
- Outlines the promise of man-made sight and the demanding situations that needs to be met
Read or Download Artificial Sight: Basic Research, Biomedical Engineering, and Clinical Advances (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering) PDF
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Extra resources for Artificial Sight: Basic Research, Biomedical Engineering, and Clinical Advances (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering)
Yamada E. Some structural features of the fovea centralis in the human retina. Arch Ophthalmol 1969; 82:151–9. 7. Alamouti B, Funk J. Retinal thickness decreases with age: an OCT study. Br J Ophthalmol 2003; 87(7):899–901. 8. Majji AB, Humayun MS, Weiland JD, et al. Long-term histological and electrophysiological results of an inactive epiretinal electrode array implantation in dogs. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1999; 40(9):2073–81. 9. Guven D, Weiland JD, Fujii G, et al. Long-term stimulation by active epiretinal implants in normal and RCD1 dogs.
Hesse L, Schanze T, Wilms M, Eger M. Implantation of retina stimulation electrodes and recording of electrical stimulation responses in the visual cortex of the cat. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2000; 238(10):840–5. 54. Kass MA, Gordon MO, Hoff MR, et al. Topical timolol administration reduces the incidence of glaucomatous damage in ocular hypertensive individuals. A randomized, double-masked, long-term clinical trial. Arch Ophthalmol 1989; 107(11):1590–8. 55. Kass MA, Heuer DK, Higginbotham EJ, et al.
Current treatments for retinitis pigmentosa: Like dry AMD, there is no proven treatment for RP. However, in a randomized, controlled clinical trial on 601 patients with RP and with 4–6 years follow-up, it was demonstrated that vitamin A supplementation could slow the rate of decline in the retinal function in these patients. Potential treatments are being investigated in animals, and may some day cure the disease, but are unlikely to be helpful to those who have already lost their sight. These experimental treatments include the following: gene therapy , stem cells , and RPE and retinal transplantation .
Artificial Sight: Basic Research, Biomedical Engineering, and Clinical Advances (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering) by Mark S. Humayun, James D. Weiland, Gerald Chader, Elias Greenbaum