By Guillem Pons-Lladö MD., Francesc Carreras MD., Xavier Borrás MD., Maite Subirana MD., Luís J. Jiménez-Borreguero MD. (auth.)
Glossary four bankruptcy 1: fundamentals of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance and six general perspectives 1. 1 Definition and actual fundamentals 6 a. Definition and ancient history 6 b. actual fundamentals 6 1. 2 Technical Modalities 10 a. Spin echo 12 b. Gradient echo 12 c. quickly gradient echo thirteen d. really good suggestions thirteen e. concepts below medical research thirteen 1. three examine technique: basic Anatomy thirteen a. Technical gear thirteen b. scientific group of workers thirteen c. practise of the sufferer thirteen d. general MRI anatomy 17 References 17 bankruptcy 2: Ventricular Morphology and serve as: research of 26 Cardiomyopathies 2. 1 Morphological examine of middle Chambers 26 a. Left ventricle 26 b. correct ventricle 31 2. 2 Ventricular functionality 31 a. Left ventricular functionality 31 b. correct ventricular functionality 33 2. three Cardiomyopathies 33 a. Dilated cardiomyopathy 33 b. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 33 c. Restrictive cardiomyopathy 35 d. Arrhythmogenic dysplasia of the appropriate ventricle 35 References 35 (f) bankruptcy three: obtained illnesses of the Aorta 38 I c three. 1 Technical points of the Aortic examine through MRI: Imaging the conventional Aorta 38 three. 2 Aortic Aneurysm forty three three. three Aortic Dissection and similar Entities OJ forty three a. method for the learn of aortic dissection by means of MRI forty three I b. Differential analysis of aortic dissection by means of MRI forty seven References forty nine c o U . ;jj bankruptcy four: learn of Valvular middle ailment fifty four four. 1 advent fifty four four. 2 pace Calculation and circulation Quantitation fifty four 4.
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Extra info for Atlas of Practical Cardiac Applications of MRI
The existence of intramural hematoma has long been known, although it is frequently not detected by contrast aortography due to the absence of two permeable lumens in the aorta, its importance having been highlighted after the introduction of CT and MRI. Furthermore, since it constitutes a true clinical variant of dissection, the relevant issue seems to be the detection of the presence of an acute aortic disease, whether it is a dissection or a hematoma, and to take clinical measures without waiting to contrast the anatomy of the process with an angiohemodynamic study .
AmJ Roentgenol1993; 161: 1-11. 17. Bottomley PA. MR spectroscopy of the heart: the status and the challenges. Radiology 1994; 191: 593-612. 18. Wetter DR, McKinnon GC, Debatin JF, von Schulthess GK Cardiac echo-planar MR imaging: comparison of single- and multiple shot techniques. Radiology 1995; 194: 765-70. Shellock FG, Morisoli S, Kanal E. MR procedures and biomedical implants, materials, and devices: 1993 update. Radiology 1993; 189: 587-99. c ,I CU 0... 0 ~ D :::J 0... I I () C () , :::J • ~ I C (]) > G.
A: ventricular inflow chamber; B: outflow tract. AzV: azygous vein; DAo: descending aorta; CS: coronary sinus; LA: left atrium; LLPV: left lower pulmonary vein; LV: left ventricle; LVOT: left ventricular outflow tract; RA: right atrium; RUPV: right upper pulmonary vein; RV: right ventricle; RVOT: right ventricular outflow tract. Sagittal plane in spin echo on the right ventricular outflow tract. Ao: aorta; LV: left ventricle; MPA: main pulmonary artery; RV: right ventricle. 32 _. ;, -,A. ~ • ...
Atlas of Practical Cardiac Applications of MRI by Guillem Pons-Lladö MD., Francesc Carreras MD., Xavier Borrás MD., Maite Subirana MD., Luís J. Jiménez-Borreguero MD. (auth.)