By Robert A. Houze Jr.
As versions of the Earth/atmosphere approach and observations develop into ever extra refined, and matters approximately weather switch and societal affects of utmost climate and its forecasting develop, realizing the position of clouds within the surroundings is more and more important. Cloud Dynamics, moment Edition provides the basic details had to know the way clouds have an effect on weather and climate.
This entire ebook examines the underlying physics and dynamics of each particular kind of cloud that happens within the Earth's surroundings, displaying how clouds fluctuate dynamically counting on whether or not they take place over oceans or mountains, or as components of atmospheric storms, comparable to thunderstorms, tropical cyclones, or hot and chilly fronts. protecting either the microphysical and macrophysical features of clouds, the ebook treats all the actual scales thinking about cloud methods, from the microscale of the person drops and ice debris as much as scales of storms during which the clouds happen.
As observational know-how advances with more and more refined distant sensing features, designated figuring out of the way the dynamics and physics of clouds impact the amounts being measured is of paramount value. This ebook underpins the paintings necessary for right interpretation of those observations, now and sooner or later.
- Provides the holistic figuring out of clouds had to pursue examine on themes important to existence on Earth
- Provides in-depth knowing of all kinds of clouds over all areas of Earth, from the poles to the equator
- Includes exact actual and dynamical perception into the full spectrum of clouds populating Earth's atmosphere
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Extra info for Cloud Dynamics, Volume 104, Second Edition
14b). 14c) consists of elevated small cumulus clouds rather than elevated stratocumulus. 10. The “halo” is an optical phenomenon produced by the sun shining through a particular type of ice crystal cloud. It is associated with high clouds. See the definition of cirrostratus in the next subsection. 11. The “corona” is of angular radius 15 or less and produced by diffraction of light by small water droplets. 12. 14 (a) Altocumulus stratiformis in the form of cellular clumps. (b) Altocumulus stratiformis in the form of long rolls (undulatus).
Fuji, Japan. Photo taken in 1930 by Masanao Abe; see Abe (1932) for details. 20 Stacks of lenticular clouds in the lee of Mt. Rainier, in Washington State. Such clouds have sometimes been reported as UFOs. Photo by Ian Bond. 20 are a type of wave cloud. 21 Looking upwind at a lenticular wave-cloud band (foreground) forming in the lee of the Continental Divide, which is far beyond the foothills seen in the foreground. Boulder, Colorado. Photo by Dale R. Durran. 22 Looking downwind at a series of lenticular wave clouds in the lee of the Continental Divide.
5). 6). 8. Meaning the shape of a lentil in Latin, or, in more modern terms, lens shaped. 9. Definitions of cloud genera given in quotes are from the International Cloud Atlas. ) describe the entire state of the sky, in terms of all of the clouds present. First, the low clouds are identified. Then, to the extent that low clouds do not obscure them, the middle cloud types and amounts are determined. Finally, the high clouds are evaluated, to the extent that they are not obscured by low and middle clouds.
Cloud Dynamics, Volume 104, Second Edition by Robert A. Houze Jr.